Mon to Fri: 8:00 am - 4:30 pm
Sat-Sun Closed
1 (888) 919-3800


Entrepreneur Assessment Quiz


Cryptocurrency 101

  • April 4, 2023
  • Written by Community Futures Meridian

We’ve all heard the phrase cryptocurrency, and you’ve probably heard of Bitcoin, but what about some of its competitors such as Ethereum, Tether, and BNB? If the last three names are new to you, you might want to read the following primer on this digital currency.

Cryptocurrency uses encryption techniques to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds. Unlike traditional fiat currencies (those deemed legal tender and backed by a government), cryptocurrencies are decentralized and operate independently of a central bank or government. This means that they are not subject to government or financial institution control and can be used for anonymous transactions.

As mentioned earlier, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, which was created in 2008 and went into use in 2009. It was the invention of an anonymous individual or group using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin operates on a decentralized ledger called the blockchain, which is a public ledger that records all transactions and ensures the integrity of the network. The blockchain is maintained by a network of users called miners, who use powerful computers to solve complex mathematical problems and verify transactions.

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have become increasingly popular over the years due to their many advantages over traditional currencies. One of the biggest advantages is that they are not subject to inflation, which is a common problem with fiat currencies. This is because the supply of most cryptocurrencies is fixed or limited, meaning that their value can increase over time as demand grows.

Another advantage of cryptocurrencies is that they offer greater privacy and security than traditional currencies. This is because transactions are conducted anonymously and the use of cryptography ensures that they cannot be counterfeited or double-spent. However, it is important to note that some cryptocurrencies may not be completely anonymous, as they may require users to provide identifying information when exchanging them for fiat currency.

Pros and Cons of Cryptocurrencies


  1. Decentralization: Cryptocurrencies are decentralized, meaning that they are not controlled by any government or financial institution. This makes them resistant to manipulation or interference.
  2. Anonymity: Cryptocurrencies offer a certain level of anonymity, as they allow users to transact without revealing their identity.
  3. Accessibility: Cryptocurrencies are accessible to anyone with an internet connection, regardless of where they are in the world.
  4. Security: Cryptocurrencies use advanced cryptography to secure transactions and protect user data.
  5. Transparency: All transactions on the blockchain are transparent and publicly visible, which can increase trust and accountability.


  1. Volatility: Cryptocurrencies are known for their high volatility, which can make them risky investments.
  2. Lack of Regulation: Cryptocurrencies are not regulated by governments or financial institutions, which means there is no protection for investors in case of fraud or theft.
  3. Complexity: Cryptocurrencies can be difficult for people to understand, which can lead to mistakes or misunderstandings.
  4. Limited Acceptance: Not all businesses accept cryptocurrencies as a form of payment, which limits their usefulness in the real world.
  5. Environmental Impact: The process of mining cryptocurrencies can require significant amounts of energy, which can have a negative impact on the environment.

Stay Informed

Join the Community Futures Meridian email newsletters and stay up to date with business advice, government grants, Community Futures services and upcoming events and workshops

Entrepreneur Assessment Quiz!